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Sunday, May 10, 2020 | History

3 edition of Racial factors and urban law enforcement found in the catalog.

Racial factors and urban law enforcement

William M. Kephart

Racial factors and urban law enforcement

by William M. Kephart

  • 240 Want to read
  • 13 Currently reading

Published by University of Pennsylvania Press in Philadelphia .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Police -- United States,
  • African American criminals,
  • Law enforcement -- United States

  • Edition Notes

    StatementWilliam M. Kephart.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination209 p. ;
    Number of Pages209
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17632576M
    OCLC/WorldCa5812276

      This means that up to 39 percent of the racially disparate rate of imprisonment is attributable to other factors, including, potentially, racial bias or . Racial profiling does not refer to the act of a law enforcement agent pursuing a suspect in which the specific description of the suspect includes race or ethnicity in combination with other identifying factors. Defining racial profiling as relying “solely” on the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin or .

      The debate over racial profiling never leaves the news, but many people lack a clear understanding of what it is, let alone its purported pros and cons. In a nutshell, racial profiling factors into how authorities identify individuals suspected of various crimes, including terrorism, illegal Author: Nadra Kareem Nittle. Racial disparities in criminal justice are explained in three ways: differential involvement, individual racism, and institutional racism. First, African‐Americans and Hispanics are differentially involved in criminality—they commit more crimes. Their criminality is tied to the fact that these groups suffer from poverty and unemployment.

    Racial profiling refers to law enforcement officers or agencies where a key factor in whether to take action, such as making a stop or arrest, is mainly based on race, ethnicity or national origin, rather than information and evidence. The practice is controversial, and there is some data to suggest that it is ineffective in controlling crime.   According to the National Law Enforcement Memorial Fund’s tracking data, law enforcement officers in the US died on duty in , down from .


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Racial factors and urban law enforcement by William M. Kephart Download PDF EPUB FB2

Racial factors and urban law enforcement Unknown Binding – January 1, by William M Kephart (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $ $ $ Hardcover $ 1 Author: William M Kephart.

Racial Factors and Urban Law Enforcement [William M. Kephart] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying by: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Kephart, William M. Racial factors and urban law enforcement. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press []. Racial Factors and Urban Law Enforcement William M.

Kephart. pages | 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 Ebook | ISBN | Buy from De Gruyter $ | € | £ This book is available under special arrangement from our European publishing partner De Gruyter. An Anniversary Collection volume.

Racial factors and urban law enforcement. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press [] (DLC) (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: William M Kephart. Racial Factors and Urban Law Enforcement.

Book Description: Description not available. eISBN: Subjects: Sociology to investigate some of the factors involved in the treatment of the Negro offender—an area which has plagued Racial factors and urban law enforcement book the police administration and the Negro community.

During the investigation of this latter. Racial factors and urban law enforcement. Studies of this type have been criticized by law enforcement groups and some scholars because they do not take into account all of the factors involved, including relative “hit rates” for white and black drivers.

A “hit rate” is the percentage of searches that uncover illegal drugs or other contraband. Persuasive Essay On Racial Profiling Words | 6 Pages. Over the years Racial Profiling in some aspects has evolved from minor prejudice acts to major consistent murders in the U.S.

Many U.S citizens argue that racial profiling eliminates potential crimes, saves law enforcement a great portion of money and fits the demographics of usual crimes. The racial zoning movement in the urban South demonstrates clearly how certain social objectives were central to the early planning movement.

While scholars have examined the racial zoning movement leading up to Buchanan v. Warley,6 they have given relatively little attention to important racial zoning initiatives after It is in this post.

Law Enforcement Police practices that target low-income, urban neighborhoods and the use of group arrest procedures contribute to racial and ethnic disparities in the juvenile justice system. Low-income neighborhoods, particularly in urban areas, are often majority minority.

Disproportionate Minority Contact 4File Size: 2MB. Indeed, the law tracks the memorandum issued by the U.S. Department of Justice banning racial profiling in federal law enforcement. Therefore, the “racial profiling” argument against such laws serves only to prevent rational discussion of a screening practice that, when used properly and within defined legal parameters, can be a File Size: KB.

House Research Department June Racial Profiling Studies in Law Enforcement: Issues and Methodology Page 6 8 For example, Kennedy wrote, “Not even Mark Fuhrman was known to detain elderly women who happened to be black.” Kennedy, op.

cit., At least 30 states could soon require their state police to collect racial data on all traffic stops and searches, with the stated end of eliminating "racial profiling." Urban forces are under identical pressure.

Virtually every major law-enforcement organization opposes these bills, because of their failure to deal with the benchmarking problem. While these cases differ, common threads run through them: economic, social, and racial disparities that deny opportunities to individuals of color and erode families and communities; the violence plaguing too many low income and communities of color; the violence faced daily by law enforcement, leading some police to view too many in.

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is a book by Michelle Alexander, a civil rights litigator and legal scholar. The book discusses race-related issues specific to African-American males and mass incarceration in the United States, but Alexander noted that the discrimination faced by African-American males is prevalent among other minorities and socio-economically Author: Michelle Alexander.

Racial profiling is the practice of subjecting citizens to increased surveillance or scrutiny based on racial or ethic factors rather than "reasonable suspicion.". Ethics of Racial Profiling Can it ever be ethical to prejudge an individual based simply on the color of their skin. Racial profiling is defined by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) () as “the discriminatory practice [used] by law enforcement officials of targeting individuals for suspicion of crime based on the individual’s.

Black and Blue: Exploring Racial Bias and Law Enforcement in the Killings of Unarmed Black Male Civilians Article in American Psychologist 71(3) April with 6, Reads.

An interview with Professor Jack Glaser on his research concerning racial profiling, stereotyping, and implicit bias, particularly as it pertains to law enforcement. Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling (Oxford University Press, ) is the culmination of Professor Jack Glaser’s research on racial profiling, stereotyping.

Racial factors and urban law enforcement. by: Kephart, William M. Published: () The history of policing America: from militias and military to the law enforcement of today / by: French, Laurence, Published: ().

Using data from the National Incident‐Based Reporting System (NIBRS), the Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS), and the decennial Census, the present exploratory study employs multilevel modeling to examine the association between police organizational factors including the percentage of the police Cited by:   Social work and criminal justice have a shared history in the United States dating back to the 19th century when their combined focus was rehabilitation.

But with an increase in crime, this focus shifted to punishment and incapacitation, and a schism resulted between social work and criminal justice. Given current mass incarceration and disparities in criminal justice, social work has returned Author: Susan A. McCarter.